Prostatitis, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment And Prevention


Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate gland. It is a common condition in males, it is more common to males between the ages of 30-50 years of age.

Acute prostatitis happens suddenly and lasts a short time, while the chronic type develops slowly and lasts a long time, often years.

Prostatitis is not prostate cancer and there’s no clear evidence that it increases your chances of getting it.

Symptoms Of Chronic Prostatitis

Men with asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis do not have symptoms. Commonly, chronic prostatitis symptoms are very apparent. When the male has the following symptoms, he surely has to contact a doctor.

Abnormal Urinary Symptoms: It can stimulate the bladder, inviting urinary symptoms, which include frequent urination, urgent urination.

Distressing Symptoms: There is pain in the penis and scrotum, and this pain radiates to the pubis, testicles, anus, thighs, and groin, with swelling and distension.

Sexual dysfunction: If left untreated for too long, can give rise to the sexual dysfunctions, which commonly include impotence, premature ejaculation, decreased libido etc.

Other symptoms of prostatitis include; Deep pain or stiffness in your pelvis, lower back pain, ribs pain or upper thighs pain or pain in the bones of those areas, strong and frequent urge to pass urine, Loss of weight and appetite, Urethral discharge with bowel movements and Painful ejaculation

Causes Of Prostatitis

Acute bacterial prostatitis is often caused by common strains of bacteria. The infection can start when bacteria in urine leak into your prostate.

Antibiotics are used to treat the infection. If they don’t eliminate the bacteria prostatitis might recur or be difficult to treat (chronic bacterial prostatitis).

Nerve damage in the lower urinary tract, which can be caused by surgery or trauma to the area, might contribute to prostatitis not caused by a bacterial infection. In many cases of prostatitis, the cause isn’t identified.

Treatment

Acute Prostatitis can be treated with antibiotics and painkillers.

Chronic Prostatitis or recurrent infections may need a long-term course of antibiotics, lasting up to 6 months.

If symptoms do not improve following oral antibiotics, other treatment options include;

  • Intravenous antibiotics for severe infections
  • Muscle relaxants to relieve spasm of the pelvic muscles
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to relieve pain
  • Alpha blockers to treat urination difficulties
  • Surgery to remove scar tissue in the urethra, which can help urination difficulties
  • Therapy to help with psychological stress and anxiety

Prevention

You can prevent the occurrence of prostatitis by doing the following

  1. Maintain a healthy weight.
  2. Eat more vegetables
  3. Reduce consumption of red meat
  4. Exercise regularly
  5. Hydrate daily
  6. Manage stress
  7. Stop smoking
  8. monitoring is recommended



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